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JAVA with a cup of Coffee



Before 1995, Java only meant coffee, named after the Island of Java, where it is grown. As of today, Java is more of a programming language than the brew. In fact, since early 2000’s , it's one of the most popular programming language.


So, what made Java so popular?


Other than being Simple and Secure the two features that made it loved by most IT industry are Platform Independence and Object Oriented.


Platform Independence-

Java follows the slogan WORA - Write Once Run Anywhere. It means that Java program can be compiled on one machine and later can be executed on any other machine, be it Windows or Max or Linux. This portability is the biggest strength of Java.


In simple words, a compiled java code is like coffee grounds that can be used with variety of coffee makers to produce ever satisfying cup of coffee.

Object Oriented

Java is not pure object-oriented but it supports 5 of the 7 major characteristics that make a language pure object oriented. In this post we will discuss the 4 of those characteristics


1. Abstraction

2. Polymorphism

3. Encapsulation

4. Inheritance


1. Abstraction

It simply means hiding unnecessary details.

Suppose you want some cappuccino. You go to a coffee shop, place an order, pay for it

and enjoy it once ready. You are unaware of the type of coffee grounds used, the

company that packaged those, the person who was responsible to prepare your coffee,

the machine that was used to prepare your coffee, the type of milk used etc. All these

details were hidden from you. Didn't it made your life a little simple and your coffee more

tasty?


abstract class Coffee

{

String typeOfRoast ;

String strength;

int quantity;

}

class Brew extends class Coffee

{

String typeOfCoffee;

int quantity;

int cost;

}


2. Polymorphism

It is derived from 2 words- poly and morph. Poly means many and morph means form.

Something things that can exist in more than one form displays polymorphism.

Continuing with our cup of coffee, it can be a cappuccino, latte, mocha, Americano and

what not. In raw form it can be coffee beans, coffee grounds, pods or even instant

coffee.


class Coffee

{

Public void Brew(int coffeeBeans, int water)

{

}

Public void Brew(int coffeeBeans, int water, int milk)

{

}

}

Here, we have two methods with the same name. The resulting brew will depend on what ingredient we use in the coffee machine.


3. Encapsulation

It means to enclose, like in a capsule. It is done to wrap up data and code together as

one single unit.

In encapsulation, the variables of a class can be accessed only through the methods of

their current class. Methods outside of that class can't access them.

What could be a better example other than k-cup pods which can only be used by Keurig

coffee maker.


class Keurig

{

Private int k-pod;

Public int water;

Brew();

}


Since the k-pods are declared as private, they can only be accessed within the class

Keurig and by the method Brew().


4. Inheritance


The classic example of inheritance is obviously parent and child where a child inherits the

qualities from its parents. To justify the title of my post, I would like to present you with an

example of coffee as well. Here the parent will be coffee beans that are brewed and the extract

is dried to prepare coffee powder (child). This instant coffee inherits the properties of the coffee

beans like color, taste and aroma.


class Coffee

{

String typeOfRoast ;

String strength;

int quantity;

}

class InstantCoffee extends Class Coffee

{

int milk;

int water;

int sugar;

}


In this world, things are quite complicated. To simplify, I always try to relate them with our day to day activities. My main purpose behind writing this blog was to simplify these Java concepts for people who find it difficult to understand the technical language.

This is my first blog. I hope you enjoyed and understood these basics of Java. I will meet you next time with another topic over a cup of coffee.

Please give a thumbs-up and share this post with friends and family. I would love your feedback, so please leave a comment.


Cheers!!!

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