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POWER BI VISUALIZATION AND ANALYSIS OF HYPERLIPIDEMIA WITH COGINTIVE SCORE

What is Hyperlipidemia?


Hyperlipidemia is high level of fats in the blood, which include cholesterol and triglycerides. This can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke because blood can’t flow through your arteries easily. People with too much cholesterol and triglycerides have hyperlipidemia, which can increase their risk of:

  • Heart disease

  • Stroke

  • Artery disease


Types of Hyperlipidemia


  • Acquired hyperlipidemia may be from certain behaviors you do (or don't do). Other times, medicine or other health problems can cause the disease. Some people acquire it from their parents.

  • Familial hypercholesterolemia is one type of genetic hyperlipidemia. A change in the gene that moves cholesterol out of the body instead causes it to build up on the artery walls.

  • Familial hypertriglyceridemia is another type of genetic hyperlipidemia. It causes triglyceride levels to become too high.


Hypercholesterolemia vs. Hyperlipidemia


  • Hyperlipaemia is above normal lipid (fat) levels in the blood, which include several types of lipids, including triglycerides.

  • Hypercholesterolemia is above normal levels of LDL or total cholesterol in your blood. It doesn’t include triglycerides.

 

Hyperlipidemia Diagnosis


To diagnose hyperlipidemia, your health care provider will order a test that checks the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. Names for this test include lipid panel, lipid test, lipoprotein panel, and lipid profile.

Your doctor should check your lipid levels regularly. 


Lipid panel

The results of this test show the levels of:

LDL cholesterol: The "bad" cholesterol that builds up inside your arteries

HDL cholesterol: The "good" cholesterol that lowers your risk for heart disease

Triglycerides: Another type of fat in your blood

Total cholesterol: A combination of the other three numbers

The American Heart Association recommends that adults 20 and older have their cholesterol checked every 4 to 6 years. You may have to fast 9 to 12 hours before the test.

Total cholesterol of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more is out of the normal range. Your doctor will consider things like your age, whether you smoke, and whether a close family member has heart problems to decide whether your specific test numbers are high and what to do about them. Each measurement is broken down further into categories.


For total cholesterol, the numbers used in the U.S. are: 

  • Below 200 mg/dL is the goal

  • 200-239 mg/dL is borderline high 

  • 240 or more is high


For HDL cholesterol: 

  • Below 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women is poor

  • 40-59 mg/dL (men) and 50-59 mg/dL (women) is better 

  • Above 60 mg/dL is best 


For LDL cholesterol, the goals change a bit based on your health and risk factors: 

  • Below 70 mg/dL if you have a history of heart disease 

  • Below 100 mg/dl if you're at risk of heart disease or have diabetes

  • 100-129 mg/dL is acceptable if you have no coronary artery disease. If you do have CAD, this is high. 

  • 130-159 mg/dL is borderline if you don't have CAD, high if you do.

  • 160-189 mg/dL is high if you don't have CAD, very high if you do. 

  • Above 190 mg/dL is very high and probably means you have a genetic condition. 


Triglyceride guidelines: 

  • Below 150 mg/dL is the goal. 

  • 150-199 mg/dL is borderline high. 

  • 200-499 mg/dL is high. 

  • Above 500 is very high.

 

What is Cognition?

Cognition is your brain’s ability to process all the information it takes in from your senses. Your brain is your body’s thought processing center.

Cognition involves intellectual activities, including Thinking, Learning, understanding and using language, remembering, paying attention, reasoning, making decisions and applying judgement.


Why is Cognitive Test required?

Cognitive Tests are usually done if there’s a suspicion of mental decline or impairment. You may have noticed such a decline yourself or a close friend or family member may have noticed.


What do poor and good scores on a cognitive test mean?

Poor(low) scores provide more information than good(high) scores. A very low score usually means there’s some brain impairment. But a good score doesn’t necessarily mean there’s no brain impairment. There still could be brain functioning issues.


Cognitive Ability Tests


Cognitive ability tests assess abilities involved in thinking (e.g., reasoning, perception, memory, verbal and mathematical ability, and problem solving). Such tests pose questions designed to estimate applicants' potential to use mental processes to solve work-related problems or to acquire new job knowledge. These tests are designed to assess an individual's intellectual functioning and cognitive strengths and weaknesses.

Cognitive tests can be used for various purposes. These tests can take various forms, including standardized paper-and-pencil tests, computerized assessments, and performance-based tasks. They are typically administered under controlled conditions by trained professionals to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the results.


Based on the data we analysed, we utilized results from various tests to compute Cognitive scores. Out of 77 unique patients, 44 are diagnosed with diabetes. The maximum score observed in our dataset is 7. Among these 44 diabetes patients, 19 are female and 25 are male. These cognitive scores are divided into 3 groups: Mild, medium, and severe.


Bar Chart is prepared by considering Hyperlipidemia Patient Medical History by Cholesterol ranges, fasting triglycerides level and group (Control and DM) Count of DM (57) patients are in normal condition.

 

 


Waterfall Chart is prepared by considering Hyperlipidemia Patient Medical History with Cognitive Score and Group (Control and DM). Where the DM Cognative score decreased by 36 in Moderate Stage, 33 in Mild Stage and 18 in Sever Stage.

Hyperlipidemia is one of the main root causes of DM, leading to severe cardiovascular diseases.  

Numbness, painful feet, dizziness and stroke are the symptoms of hyperlipidemia.

Pie chart is prepared considering cognitive score and with the above symptoms.  The percentage of Stroke is 24.54% in Mild, 12.88% in Severe and 36.2% in Moderate.

 

REFERENCES




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