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Rest Assured and TestNG

In this blog let learn about how to work with API, create our own Fake Local API and send Request to the server and get the response , we will work on all the Http Request Get, Post ,Put ,Patch and Delete .



REST assured Rest Assured is used to verify the REST APIs with the help of the Java library. Java library acts like a headless client to act upon the Rest web services. The libraries based on the Rest Assured library are also capable of validating the HTTP responses from the server.


Rest assured is java library for testing Restful Web services. It can be used to test XML & JSON based web services. It supports GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, DELETE, OPTIONS and HEAD requests and can be used to validate and verify the response of these requests.


TestNG


TestNG (Test Next Generation) is the testing framework.

TestNG makes automated tests more structured, readable, maintainable, and user-friendly. It provides powerful features and reporting. Its high-end annotations like dataprovider, makes it easier to scale up, as you perform cross browser testing across multiple devices, browsers, and their versions.




Maven Project Dependencies needed for RestAssured and TestNG




 <dependencies>
	<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/io.rest-assured/rest-assured -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
    <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
    <version>5.3.0</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

     <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.testng/testng -->
	<dependency>
    	<groupId>org.testng</groupId>
    	<artifactId>testng</artifactId>
    	<version>7.7.1</version>
    </dependency>	
    
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.googlecode.json-simple/json-simple -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.googlecode.json-simple</groupId>
    <artifactId>json-simple</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.1</version>
</dependency>
    
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/io.rest-assured/json-schema-validator -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
    <artifactId>json-schema-validator</artifactId>
    <version>5.3.0</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

</dependencies>



Sample Get Request Code


When we Send request to the server , Server returns the response with Status Code and Status Line

package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
public class SampleGetRequest {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		Response response=RestAssured.get("http://www.google.co.in");		
		int statusCode=response.statusCode();
		System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
		System.out.println(response.getTime());
		String statusLine=response.statusLine();
		System.out.println(statusCode);
		System.out.println(statusLine);	
	}
}

Status Code for Successful Get :200

Console output which shows Status Code and Validation




Sample Get Request BDD method chaining


Rest Assured in BBD Style with the keywords Given , When and Then

package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import static io.restassured.RestAssured.*;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import io.restassured.response.ValidatableResponse;

public class SampleGetRequestBDDmethodchaining
{
	@Test
	public void getRequestBDD()
	{
	baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
	ValidatableResponse response=
		given()	
			.param(" ", " ")
			.header(" "," ")
		.when()
			.get("/users/3")
		.then()
			.statusCode(200);	    
		}
}

Console output




Get Request with Rest Assured TestNG


First Test Case to get the details of User 2

Second Test Case to get all the details in PAGE 2

package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import io.restassured.response.ResponseBody;

public class SampleGetRequsetTestNG
{
	@Test
	public void getRequestTestNG()
	{
	Response response=	RestAssured.get("https://reqres.in/api/users/2");
	System.out.println(response.getTime());
	System.out.println(response.getTime());
	System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
	System.out.println(response.statusLine());
	System.out.println(response.getHeader("content-type"));
	ResponseBody responseBody=response.getBody();
	System.out.println(responseBody.prettyPrint());
	
	// ASSERTION
	int statusCode=response.getStatusCode();
	Assert.assertEquals(statusCode, 200);
	}
	
	
@Test
public void test_1() 
{	
	Response response=RestAssured.get("https://reqres.in/api/users?page=2");
	System.out.println(response.getTime());
	System.out.println(response.getTime());
	System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
	System.out.println(response.statusLine());
	System.out.println(response.getHeader("content-type"));
	System.out.println(response.getBody().prettyPrint());
	System.out.println(response.getBody().asString());
}

}

Console Output




Post Request

Here we have to send Request Body/ Request Pay load with the request in JSON format

Status Code for Successful Post :201

package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import org.json.simple.JSONObject;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.http.ContentType;
import io.restassured.response.ValidatableResponse;

public class SamplePostRequest 
{	
	@Test
	public void testPost() {		
		JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject();
		jsonObject.put("name", "Reka");
		jsonObject.put( "job","SDET");
		System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
		RestAssured.baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		ValidatableResponse response=RestAssured
		 .given()
		 	.header("Content-Type","application/json")
		 	// [contentType(ContenTtype.JSON)      
		 	//.accept(ContenTtype.JSON)]
		  	.body(jsonObject.toString())
		 .when()
		 	.post("/users")
		 .then()
	     	.statusCode(201).log().all();
	}
	
}

Console Output




Put Request , Patch Request and Delete Request


Put Request : The HTTP PUT request method creates a new resource or replaces a representation of the target resource with the request payload.

Patch Request: A PATCH request is considered a set of instructions on how to modify a resource. Update the put

Delete Request :The HTTP DELETE method is used to delete a resource from the server. Unlike GET and HEAD requests, the DELETE requests may change the server state. You can send data to the server using URL parameters.

Here we have given Priority to run in order .


package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import org.json.simple.JSONObject;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import static io.restassured.RestAssured.*;
import io.restassured.response.ValidatableResponse;

public class SamplePutRequest {
	
	@Test(priority=1)
	public void putRequestExample()
	{
		JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject();
		jsonObject.put("name", "RekaNV");
		jsonObject.put("job", "QC");
		// text 
		System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
		
		//RestAssured.baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		//ValidatableResponse response=RestAssured
		
		given()
			.header("", "")
			//raw  json as in postman
			.body(jsonObject.toJSONString())
		.when()
			.put("/users/2")
		.then()
			.statusCode(200);
	}
	
	@Test(priority=2)
	public void patchRequestExample()
	{
		JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject();
		jsonObject.put("name", "RekaNV");
		jsonObject.put("job", "SDET");
		// text 
		System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
		
		//RestAssured.baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		//ValidatableResponse response=RestAssured
		
		given()
			.header("Content-Type","application/json")
			.header("", "")
			//raw  json as in postman
			.body(jsonObject.toJSONString())
		.when()
			.patch("/users/2")
		.then()
			.statusCode(200);
	}
	
	@Test
	public void deleteRequestExample()
	{
		//RestAssured.baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
		//ValidatableResponse response=RestAssured
		//.given()
		given()
			.header("", "")
		.when()
			.delete("/users/2")
		.then()
			.statusCode(204);	
	}
}

Console Output





JSON Schema Validation

JSON File

schema
.json
Download JSON • 4KB

Steps to follow for JSON Schema validation


1. Get API link and open in browser 2. Copy all 3. Open json to json converter link 4. Paste all from 2 into 3 => click generate schema=> schema will be generated , copy all 5. Got to target of the project => properties=> click folder icon=> go the target =>classes=> open rich text documenet and paste the schema and name as schema.json and save


package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import static io.restassured.RestAssured.baseURI;
import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.equalTo;
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.hasItems;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
import static io.restassured.module.jsv.JsonSchemaValidator.matchesJsonSchemaInClasspath;   //***

public class ValidateJSONagainstSchema {

	@Test
	public void test3() {
	baseURI="https://reqres.in/api";
	given()
	 .get("/users?page=2")
	.then()
	 .assertThat()
	 .body(matchesJsonSchemaInClasspath("schema.json"))	      //***	 
	 .statusCode(200);	 
	}
}




Creating Fake API

Lets create our own API and learn.


Create db.json

{
  "users": [
    {
      "id": 1,
      "firstName": "Reka",
      "lastName": "NV",
      "subjectId": 1
    },
    {
      "id": 2,
      "firstName": "Raja",
      "lastName": "NV",
      "subjectId": 2
    },
    {
      "id": 3,
      "firstName": "Vasan",
      "lastName": "NV",
      "subjectId": 1
    }
  ],
  "subjects": [
    {
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Automation"
    },
    {
      "id": 2,
      "name": "selenium"
    }
  ]
}

Execute the command to run our Fake Local API in Server

json-server --watch db.json

Server is Up and Running



Keep the cmd prompt open while working with the request

you can cross check opening in the browser

http://localhost:3000, You will find all data you have written in db.json.



Click Users in Resources


Click Subjects in Resources


Working with our own Local API


Get , Post , Put , Patch and Delete Request


package com.Reka.rest_assured_training;
import static io.restassured.RestAssured.*;
import org.json.simple.JSONObject;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class LocalAPIdb {
	//RUN 1 BY 1
	//@Test 
	@Test(priority=1)   
	public void getRequest() {
		baseURI="http://localhost:3000";
		given()
		.get("/users")
		.then()
		.statusCode(200).log().all();		
	}

	//@Test
	@Test(priority=2)
	public void postRequest() {
		baseURI="http://localhost:3000";
		JSONObject jsonobject=new JSONObject();
		//jsonobject.put("id", 4);   will be auto generated
		jsonobject.put("firstName", "selvi");
		jsonobject.put("lastName", "satish");
		jsonobject.put("subjectId", 2);
		System.out.println(jsonobject.toJSONString());
		
		given()
			.header("Content-Type","application/json")	
			.body(jsonobject.toJSONString())
		.when()
			.post("/users")
		.then()
			.statusCode(201).log().all();		
	}
	//@Test
	@Test(priority=3)
	public void putRequest() {                
		baseURI="http://localhost:3000";          //update
		JSONObject jsonobject=new JSONObject();
		//jsonobject.put("id", 4);   will be auto generated
		jsonobject.put("firstName", "Arthi");     //
		jsonobject.put("lastName", "Raj");     	  //
		jsonobject.put("subjectId", 2);
		System.out.println(jsonobject.toJSONString());
		
		given()
			.header("Content-Type","application/json")	
			.body(jsonobject.toJSONString())
		.when()
			.put("/users/4")                 //
		.then()
			.statusCode(200).log().all();			
	}
	//@Test
	@Test(priority=4)
	public void patchRequest() {
		baseURI="http://localhost:3000";          //update the put 
		JSONObject jsonobject=new JSONObject();
		   
		jsonobject.put("lastName", "Rajkumar");     	  //
		
		System.out.println(jsonobject.toJSONString());
		
		given()
			.header("Content-Type","application/json")	
			.body(jsonobject.toJSONString())
		.when()
			.patch("/users/4")                 //
		.then()
			.statusCode(200).log().all();				
	}
	
	//@Test
	@Test(priority=5)
	public void deleteRequest() {
		baseURI="http://localhost:3000";     
		when()
			.delete("/users/4")
		.then()
			.statusCode(200);
	}
}  

Console Output

Get Response


Post Response


Put Response



Patch Response

Delete Response




Conclusion:


I hope, This article will help you to understand how to work with RestAssured using TestNG .


You must have got an idea on the topics explained in this blog. Lets explore more and learn New Topics.


Happy Learning

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