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Getting Started with SoapUI

Introduction:

The open-source cross-platform as well as language independent that supports NetBeans. Webservices testing tool SoapUI is used for both functional and non-functional testing. A simple protocol called SOAP(Simple Object Access Protocol ) is used to communicate data in a distributed, decentralized environment .


Some Features of Soap:


  • It is a method of communication intended for use on the Internet.

  • It can make HTTP more XML messaging-friendly.

  • Data transfer is offered for Web services.

  • It can make a remote procedure call or exchange entire documents.

  • A message may be broadcast using it.

  • It is independent of both platforms and languages.

  • It is a means for XML to specify what data is conveyed and how.

  • It makes it simple for client applications to access distant services and execute remote procedures.


Some Protocols and Technologies

The following are the essential protocols and technologies used in the SoapUI.


Figure: SoapUI

  • SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol

  • REST stands for Representational State Transfer

  • WSDL stands for Web Services Definition Language

  • HTTP stands for Hyper-Text Transmission Protocol

  • HTTPS stands for Hyper-Text Transmission Protocol Secured

  • AMF stands for Action Message Format

  • JMS stands for Java Messaging Services

  • JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity


SoapUI Testing

The following are the different types of testing in SoapUI tools.

  • Functional Testing

  1. It offers us a wide range of features and functionalities that we can use.

  2. Select and drop - It offers a straightforward method for dragging objects and using them.

  3. Depending on the aforementioned capacity, it is actually a fairly robust tool.

  4. Switching quickly between different contexts makes the API testing incredibly effective and, of course, simple to use.

  5. User-defined scripts - Scripts may be altered to meet testing requirements.


  • Load Testing

  1. LoadUI Agents: SoapUI features a number of LoadUI agents that are scattered across the load and can analyse a variety of performance parameters.

  2. Using the LoadUI agents of the SoapUI tool and the basic software, load testing is quite simple to use.

  3. Performance tracking: SoapUI features a sophisticated coverage system that can record several performance parameters for load testing. Moreover, it enables performance monitoring for complete system load testing.

  • Security Testing

  1. Cross-Site Scripting, or XSS, is a technique that finds areas of an application that are vulnerable to java script code injection and gives us the chance to fix them if they happen.

  2. Security of web services and APIs: It has a great feature to run the scan to make sure the security of the web services and APIs.

  3. Data security: It is essential for keeping the database safe. It really runs the scanning before making the suggested corrections.

  • Regressive Testing :

  1. Regressive testing is a type of testing done to make sure that a change in the software's code won't alter how the product currently functions.

  2. This is done to make sure that any new features, bug fixes, or enhancements to the existing features work flawlessly with the product.

  3. To determine how the upgrade affects existing test cases, they are rerun.

  4. Software testing called "regressive testing" involves running test cases again to see if the application's previous functionality is still functional and no new issues have been introduced.

  5. Regressive testing is a black-box testing technique used periodically to execute code units and ensure that system functioning is not being affected by ongoing code changes.

SoapUI - WSDL

A decentralized and distributed environment can communicate information via the XML-based WSDL protocol. Below are a few other WSDL features:


  • The operations that a web service will carry out are described in WSDL specifications, along with how to access it.

  • This language explains how to communicate with XML-based services.

  • It is pronounced as wiz-dull and is written as W-S-D-L.

  • WSDL is an XML-based language

  • it is platform-independent.

Create SOAP Project in SoapUI Tool

Data transmission or communication between two different devices on a network is made possible by the network platform known as Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). It transmits messages over the HTTP protocol using the XML data format. In a SOAP project, we import a WSDL file that lists all the requests or endpoints that WSDL exposes. Additionally, we can use the SoapUI tool to test for functional and non-functional issues, load, WS security, WS addressing, etc.

Develop a SOAP project

The SoapUI tool makes it easy to create a SOAP project. In order to create a Soap project, the WSDL URL must be included. To continue with the project, open the SoapUI application and follow the instructions.

Step 1: Open the File menu and select New SOAP Project, as displayed below.


Apart from this, we can also click on the SOAP icon to create a New SOAP Project, as shown below:



After performing the above step, it opens the New SOAP Project window, as shown below.



Step 2 : Enter the WSDL Web URL (http://www.dneonline.com/calculator.asmx?WSDL) in the Initial WSDL text box.The Project Name is automatically retrieved, as seen below.



Step 3: After selecting the OK button, the WSDL URL is processed to ensure successful execution before the project calculator's various services and properties are displayed, as shown below.





Run the SoapUI's services to check the operation of the requests and responses.

Step 4: As shown below, click the + sign to expand the project calculator's service.



Step 5: The following screen appears when you double-click the (+) Request 1 Service.



Step 6: As shown below, enter the value for "IntA" and "IntB" to complete the Add request Service.XML file of Request 1




Step 7: After entering the information, as shown below, click the Submit Response icon to send the Add Request 1.




The output for our response XML file is as follows:


In a similar manner, we can execute the service request for Divide, Multiply, and Subtraction in the calculator project based on the WSDL web service.


Advantages of SoapUI :

  1. Its Interface is user-friendly.

  2. Data transfer is offered for Online services.

  3. It is also employed for message distribution.

  4. Functional Testing is too simple.

  5. It is independent of both platforms and languages.

  6. It is a protocol that was created specifically for internet-based communication.

  7. It serves as both a client and a service provider.

  8. It is simple to use, and it is also simple to change a functional test into a non-functional test.


Conclusion :

Many testing tools are available that might be employed to meet our needs. The most popular tool is SoapUI, which has a user-friendly interface. Simply said, it is the ideal tool for testing and attaining success if you are trying to get taught and want to become a software tester.

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